Vegan Meringue

This vegan meringue recipe creates fluffy, egg-free meringue that you can serve over pies, cakes, and even more desserts. Meringue is typically an egg-based creation, who knew it could be vegan simply by using chickpea water.

A close-up of vegan meringue shows golden peaks.

Vegans have essentially gone from feeling like meringue was extinct to a bountiful supply overnight. Yes, that means vegan meringue pie is now a possibility!

Mostly this is thanks to a can of chickpeas. I know, I know. Who’d have thunk it! But, interestingly enough, you can do a lot with a can of chickpeas.

I’ve done everything from making Vegan Cheesecake with chickpeas to Blondie Bites to, of course, hummus. But those recipes call for working with the beans from the can. Today we’ll be using something else that comes from that can of chickpeas.

A pie has a slice cut out, showing chocolate pudding pie with a meringue on top.

How to Make Vegan Meringue Without Eggs

Today I’m sharing three ways to make vegan meringues. Let’s start with that can of chickpeas, except we’re not going to be using the beans themselves.

Looking down on ingredients to make vegan meringue, including a can of chickpeas, and sugar in a bowl.

What You Need

You can find the full printable recipe, including ingredient quantities, below. But first, here are some explanations of ingredients and steps to help you make this recipe perfect every time.

Here are the ingredients you’ll need for this recipe:

  • Can of Chickpeas — You’ll need about ¾ cup bean brine liquid from one can of chickpeas
  • Cream of tartar
  • Granulated sugar
  • Vanilla
  • Egg Replacer — If you’re going with version two of this recipe, you’ll need to use an egg replacer. See the notes in the recipe for how to make this yourself.
  • Xantham gum — This is an optional ingredient, but I’ve found it helps create a stable meringue that stays firm even after baking.

Version 1: Vegan Meringue with Chickpea Water (Aquafaba Meringue)

  1. Pour the liquid from a can of chickpeas (salted or unsalted) into a mixing bowl, along with the cream of tartar.
  2. Mix on medium speed for 1 to 2 minutes until it begins to froth.
  3. Make fine sugar by placing it in a food processor and pulsing for up to a minute.
  4. Beat in fine sugar, one tablespoon at a time.
  5. Continue mixing on medium-high speed until soft peaks form, and then add the vanilla.
  6. Continue mixing until stiff peaks form.
  7. Add the xanthan gum (if using) to help the meringue form and maintain stiff peaks.
  8. Spoon the meringue over a pie, making sure to create a seal with the pie crust.
  9. Create decorative peaks that will brown as it bakes.

I don’t know how the name AquaFaba came into being, but I mostly just refer to the liquid from a can of beans as chickpea brine.

Vegan Aquafaba meringues are interesting because it gets big and fluffy just like an egg-based meringue. That’s because chickpea water basically resembles the structure and consistency of egg whites.

Here are more detailed step-by-step instructions:

So, how to make chickpea meringue. Simply drain the liquid from one can of chickpeas (you can also use great northern beans but chickpeas are my favorite) into a mixing bowl. Add half of a teaspoon of cream of tartar and mix it for a minute or so to get a nice frothy mixture.

Next, let’s talk about how to whip aquafaba.

Looking down on a stand mixer with a foamy chickpea liquid mixture in the bottom.

While the aquafaba recipe and the cream of tartar are mixing, place the sugar in a food processor and pulse for up to a minute to make a more fine sugar. If you want to skip this step you can always purchase caster sugar at the store.

Once the sugar is ready, add it one tablespoon at a time into the chickpea brine mixture. Continue beating.

Looking down on a stand mixer and a hand is about to add a teaspoon of fine sugar.

Once all the sugar is added, continue beating on medium speed. Here’s what the garbanzo bean liquid meringue looks like after two minutes of beating.

Looking down on a stand mixer and the mixture in the bottom is turning white. A phone next to the mixer indicate it's been beating for 2 minutes.

Here’s what the chickpea meringue recipe looks like after 5 minutes of beating. Not too exciting…yet!

Looking down on a stand mixer and the mixture is starting to fill the bowl a little more. The phone next to the mixer indicates it's been beating for 5 minutes.

Here’s what it looks like after 7 minutes of beating. You can’t see it from this angle, but there are some peaks forming below that mixer!

Looking down on a stand mixer and the ingredients in the bowl are starting to stick to the beaters. The timer on the phone next to the mixer indicates it's been beating for 7 minutes.

I like to rub a little of the meringue between my fingers. Do I feel any grit? If so, I’ll beat for another minute or so to get a nice, smooth consistency.

Looking down on a stand mixer with white frothy, ingredients in the bowl. A hand has some of the ingredients and is pinching it.

This vegan meringue is ready for a pie! Simply spread this over your favorite pie, making sure to create a seal with each edge of the crust, and bake at 350°F for about 20 minutes.

If you don’t have browned meringue peaks, then turn the heat up to 375°F and bake for another 5 to 10 minutes. Remove from the oven and cool on a rack for about an hour and then refrigerate.

A stand mixer has been pulled back and the vegan meringue is thickly falling from the beaters.

Make sure you give your family about 3 billion guesses what you used instead of egg whites!

Also, this version of meringue may result in liquid forming at the bottom of the pie after you cut it. I drained that liquid and everything was just fine. The meringue will come out of the oven nice and high, but will most likely settle after being refrigerated. Don’t worry, it will still taste great!

Version #2: How to Make Vegan Meringue with Egg Replacer

If you can’t bring yourself to work with garbanzo bean water meringue, I understand. You need another option. And you’re in luck because I’ve got one for you.

This version of how to make Vegan Meringue uses Ener-G’s Egg Replacer product. I use this product in some of my baking, and it turns out it makes a decent meringue too.

Looking down on some ingredients in measuring cups, like sugar, and water.

Using these ingredients, and the recipe below, you can make a beautiful vegan meringue. That’s why this recipe for How to Make Vegan Meringue is so helpful!

A pie topped with vegan meringue is in a pie dish. A lemon is behind it.

Here’s the Egg Replacer Meringue on top of our Lemon Pie. It’s pretty amazing stuff! Personally, I prefer the bean brine version of meringue, but this one has a more subtle flavor. You know, if subtle is your thing.

Version 3: Either of the Above with Xanthan Gum

I experimented with the recipes above and found both were better with some Xanthan Gum. You only need half a teaspoon and it adds structure to your vegan meringue.

The aquafaba meringue is my favorite and it did quite well and looked amazing right out of the oven, but had a tendency to deflate overnight in the fridge. Adding just a bit of xanthan gum caused the meringue to form nice, stiff peaks that held their form for days.

Some people don’t like to use Xanthan Gum because it is a manufactured product. I get that. If you’re interested in learning more about xanthan gum and all the technical jargon that goes along with it, click the link above for the wiki page and decide for yourself.

A lemon meringue pie has a slice cut out, showcasing layers of lemon curd and meringue on top.

Is Cream of Tartar Vegan?

Cream of tartar is made from the residue left on barrels of wine. It’s an acid and is used as leavening to create a chemical reaction in food, for example when it’s combined with baking soda. There is no dairy in cream of tartar so it’s perfectly fine for vegans to consume.

Looking down on a pie with a baked meringue on top with golden peaks. There's a blue kitchen towel below it.

Reader Reviews

★★★★★
Awesome meringue for our lemon meringue pie. We were pleasantly surprised by the fluffiness and the flavor.

Karen

What Can I Make with Aquafaba Meringue?

There’s a variety of recipes you can use this vegan aquafaba meringue on, including the following:

  • You can also make Vegan Meringue Cookies
  • A Vegan Pavlova would be fun to make too!
Making Vegan Coconut Meringue Pie
Looking down on a pie sitting on a blue kitchen towel. The meringue has golden edges.

Vegan Meringue

Fluffy, smooth meringue. Typically an egg-based creation, who knew it could be vegan! Learn how to make vegan meringue three ways. You'll be surprised with the simple list of ingredients involved to add vegan meringue to your favorite pies, brownies, and even more desserts!
5 from 15 votes
Course: Dessert
Cuisine: French
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 25 minutes
Total Time: 30 minutes
Servings: 8 (1 pie)
Calories: 49kcal

Ingredients

Chickpea Brine (Aquafaba Meringue)

  • ¾ cup bean brine liquid from one can of chickpeas
  • ½ teaspoon cream of tartar
  • ½ cup granulated sugar
  • ½ teaspoon vanilla
  • Optional: ½ teaspoon xantham gum

Egg Replacer Meringue

Instructions

For the Chickpea Brine (Aquafaba Meringue)

  • Pour the liquid from one can of chickpeas (salted or unsalted) into a mixing bowl, along with the cream of tartar. Mix for a minute or two until the mixture begins to become frothy.
  • In the meantime place the sugar in a food processor and pulse for up to a minute to create a more fine sugar (you can always purchase caster sugar if you want to skip this step).
  • While you are mixing the chickpea brine, add one tablespoon of the processed sugar at a time. Once it's all added, continue to mix on medium to medium-high speed until soft peaks form. Add the vanilla and continue mixing until stiff peaks form.
  • Optional: Add the xanthan gum to help the meringue form and maintain stiff peaks.
  • Spoon the finished meringue over the pie of your choice, making sure to create a seal with the pie crust and creating a peak of meringue in the middle. The more edges you have in the meringue, the more that will brown, creating a beautiful pie.

For the Egg Replacer Meringue

  • Combine the egg replacer and water in a mixing bowl and mix on medium speed.
  • In the meantime, place your sugar in a food processor and pulse up to a minute (or you can use fine caster sugar).
  • Pour the refined sugar one tablespoon at a time into the egg replacer mixture. Continue beating, pausing to wipe down the sides of the bowl as needed.
  • Once soft peaks have formed, add the vanilla. Mix until stiff peaks form.
  • Optional: Add xanthan gum to create a more stable meringue that will hold stiff peaks after baking.
  • Spoon the meringue over a pie, being sure to seal the meringue up to the edges of the pie crust. Create decorative tips that will turn golden upon baking.
  • Place in a preheated 350°F/175°C oven and bake for 15 to 20 minutes. Turn heat up to 375°F/190°C and bake for an additional 10 minutes or so until peaks turn golden brown.

Recommended Equipment

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Notes

*I used Ener-G egg replacer and it’s the only commercial egg replacer that I think works in this recipe. You can find it at the health food section of most grocery stores here in the Midwest. You can also buy it online or at health food stores.
 
You can order Ener-G Egg Replacer or use this as a substitute: 4 tablespoons potato starch, 2 tablespoon tapioca starch, 4 teaspoons baking powder, and 2 teaspoon baking soda. This is a very similar formula to the egg replacer mentioned above.
Calories: 49kcal | Carbohydrates: 12g | Potassium: 30mg | Sugar: 12g

The nutrition information shown is an estimate provided by an online nutrition calculator and should not be considered a substitute for a professional nutritionist’s advice.

This post was originally published in 2015 and was updated to include new photos, new text, and an updated recipe in 2020.

A mixer beater shows meringue dripping off the edge. The text, "How to Make Vegan Meringue 3 ways" is at the top.

30 Responses to Vegan Meringue

  1. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyJane Reply

    Could I make this using erythritol or lakanto?

    • Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyMarly

      Hi Jane. I haven’t tried lakanto, but I think the erythritol should work, especially if you use something like Swerve’s powdered sugar.

  2. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyMary Gebhart Reply

    I loved how the bean liquid whipped. Up per your great instruction. However I baked them at 400 degress and when opened the oven for to check….there nothing! Except a film on the parchment paper. It was good for a belly laugh. Not for our bellies though. So follow heating instructions too!

  3. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyKaren Reply

    5 stars
    Awesome meringue for our lemon meringue pie. We were pleasantly surprised by the fluffiness and the flavor.

    • Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyMarly

      Thanks, Karen! So glad you liked the vegan meringue for the lemon pie. I agree with you — the fullness of the meringue is so surprising…and tasty too!

  4. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyTamanna Reply

    5 stars
    Can I use egg replacer meringue in cake recipes?

  5. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyErica Reply

    I just made the AquaFaba version and I worked perfectly!
    I made a vegan Lemon pie and I burnt the merengue with a torch, It looks really nice.
    Thanks for the recipe ❤️

    • Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyMarly

      Thanks, Erica! I’m so glad you liked this recipe. The aquafaba version is my favorite too! ❤️

  6. Avatar thumbnail image for Marlychahinez @lifestyleofafoodie Reply

    5 stars
    Thank you so much for this post! last year I made a chocolate mousse using aquafaba and it was amazing so I can only imagine how good these vegan megingues must be !

  7. Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyEmma Eileen Reply

    The name AquaFaba came about because it is not just chickpea water, it is water of any legume (and yes, all can be whipped!! I used whipped split pea water as an egg substitute in homemade pasta) and legumes belong to the family FABACEAE (because they are so FABulous 😉 )

    • Avatar thumbnail image for MarlyMarly

      Hi Emma. Thanks for your perspective on this! I believe we share a love of the whipped bean juice! I haven’t seen other legume waters being referred to as aquafaba but have myself used them to make whipped meringues. I have used this America’s Test Kitchen article on Aquafaba as a resource. Also, I think I want to make Fabaceae my new favorite word! Love it! ❤️

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